Species of rhino
Learn more about each of the five species of rhino: white, black, greater one-horned, Sumatran and Javan.
Millions of years ago, many other species of ancient rhino roamed the earth. Click here to read about 5-metre tall giant rhinoceroses that lived 30 million years ago, as well as the evolution of today's five species.
The white rhino recovered from near extinction as a species thanks to intensive conservation efforts. The latest population estimate is 20,405; the vast majority live in a single country South Africa, which is currently experiencing a poaching crisis
The smaller of the two African species, the black rhino is now critically endangered, with just 5,055 remaining in the wild. They are 'browsers' (eating trees, bushes and shrubs) with a specially-adapted upper lip that helps them to forage
Greater one-horned rhino
Greater one-horned rhinos are adapted to living close to bodies of water, in the floodplains and forests of India and Nepal. Don't be deceived by the armour plates: they are actually folds of skin
The Sumatran rhino is the closest relative alive of the famous woolly rhinoceros that lived during the ice-ages. It is thought of as the most 'primitive' because of its hairy skin and other ancient characteristics