USFWS Rhino & Tiger Conservation Fund

USFWS logoIn 1994, the U.S. Congress passed a law to establish the Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Fund. Grants are awarded from this fund for anti-poaching programmes, habitat and ecosystem management, development of nature reserves, wildlife surveys and monitoring, management of human-wildlife conflict, public awareness campaigns and other conservation efforts related to rhino and tiger survival. With this assistance, there is hope that rhinos and tigers will return to healthy numbers.

The 2010 Congressional appropriation of $3 million, along with matching funds from host countries and conservation groups, in excess over $5 million funded 54 vital rhino and tiger conservation projects, including the following efforts:


  • Create an emergency response facility for rhino conservancies in Laikipia District, Kenya. By equipping a rhino capture and translocation facility close to rhino populations in Central Kenya with the crates, capture truck, and crane required for emergency rhino operations, we hope to improve response time for veterinarians and capture specialists to reach rhinos in central and northern Kenya when necessary
  • Support anti-poaching and monitoring work by camel patrol to provide security and regular monitoring of the northernmost desert black rhinos and other wildlife in the rugged terrain of Kunene region, Namibia. Activities will include extended patrols, monitoring and observing behaviour of individual rhinos, and reporting any human and livestock activity which could adversely affect rhino habitat or security
  • Improve rhino crime investigation and prosecution in Zimbabwe. This project will convene representatives of the police and the judiciary at a workshop taught by rhino field practitioners and lawyers familiar with wildlife policy in order to improve awareness about the plight of the rhino and to provide the assistance necessary to increase the prosecution rate for wildlife crimes
  • Support the operating costs of an aircraft to provide security surveillance and rapid response capabilities in Hluhuwe-iMfolozi Park which has more than 2,000 white rhinos and 200 southern black rhinos
  • Purchase a bus customized specifically for environmental education throughout Laikipia District, one of Kenya’s most important rhino and elephant areas. The bus will be staffed full-time by an education team and equipped with mobile education materials and will be deployed to reach 80 school groups and 15 community groups per year
  • Funds will be used to intensify rhino monitoring activities in Kruger National Park, home to Africa's largest rhino population.  This builds upon past USFWS support to verify the total number of rhinos in the park, to determine how many animals have been lost to poaching, to identify areas of vulnerability and to be able to detect the earliest signs of population decline and respond proactively

For more information about the work of US Fish and Wildlife Service's Rhino and Tiger Conservation fund, please visit its website