Tanzania: Rafiki wa Faru


Rafiki wa Faru, meaning ‘friend of rhino’ in Swahili, is an environmental education initiative within Mkomazi National Park, Tanzania. Schools from 14 villages surrounding the National Park learn all about rhinos – in the hope that Mkomazi’s rhino population will never again be wiped out by poachers.

Tanzania’s rhinos

In the 1970s, more than 400 black rhinos lived within Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania. However, by the late 1980s, none remained due to the poaching epidemic that swept through East and southern Africa. Habitats and other species had also declined in quality and number. 

In 1989, the Government of Tanzania invited the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust to work with them revitalise Mkomazi National Park (then a Game Reserve in which controlled hunting was allowed). Habitat was restored, breeding programmes put in place for endangered species, and the Critically Endangered Eastern black rhino; a black rhino sub-species, was reintroduced into a heavily protected fenced area within the Park: the Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary. 

Why education?

Winning the hearts and minds of local communities is critical in ensuring that Mkomazi never experiences a mass wipe-out of its rhino population again. In 2008, to combat this threat, Rafiki Wa Faru was created to teach children living near the borders of the Sanctuary why rhino conservation is so important, and how the rhino population brings many benefits to them and their families.

School Group for Lucy resize

Lessons and activities are specifically designed to convey important conservation messages to 13-14 year old school children but also to resonate with their friends and families, and in turn be passed on throughout the whole community.

How it works

Rafiki wa Faru covers a number of key topics. First, it provides an introduction to the black rhino and their importance in an ecosystem. This then acts as a platform to discuss the local extinction and the reasons behind it, culminating in the security measures needed to monitor and protect these populations.

Other issues covered are of particular relevance to Mkomazi National Park and include the wild dog breeding programme, water conservation, and habitat restoration.

Rafiki wa Faru also emphasises the benefits that come from having black rhinos in the National Park, through the employment of rangers and other workers in the day-to-day running of the Park, and the tourism industry it generates.

Lessons highlight how an individual’s choices and actions can impact the environment, as well as suggesting positive steps that the children, their families and local communities can take to support conservation efforts.


Credit GAWPT Sept 2013 Rafiki wa Faru Bus and school group no.3 resize

Students also get the opportunity to meet employees and learn all about their jobs, including rangers, officers, mechanics, carpenters, animal keepers, security guards and rhino trackers, amongst others. All of these employees are role models for the students, showing girls and boys possible work opportunities for the future.



How your support helps

Save the Rhino International has been involved in Rafiki Wa Faru from its beginning in  June 2008 when the programme was launched. Your support can help ensure that a generation of children in Tanzania grow up with black rhinos, a stronger local economy benefiting from eco-tourism, and help the species continue to gain a foothold in one of its key former strongholds.

The reintroduced rhino population in Mkomazi may be relatively small, but the land has the capacity to provide room for a larger population. Our aim is to help build the population into one of Tanzania’s largest. 


Thank you to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for your continued support of Mkomazi’s rhinos and Rafiki Wa Faru.